Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed and recycled as a fertilizer and soil amendment. There are many benefits to composting:
Amends soil. With compost, you are creating rich humus for lawn and garden. This adds nutrients to your plants and helps retain moisture in the soil.
Introduces beneficial organisms to the soil. Microscopic organisms in compost help aerate the soil, break down organic material for plant use and ward off plant disease.
Good for water quality. Composting offers a natural alternative to chemical fertilizers.
Recycles kitchen and yard waste. Composting can divert as much as 30% of household waste away from the garbage can.
Reduces landfill waste. Most landfills in North America are quickly filling up; many have already closed down. One-third of landfill waste is made up of compostable materials.
Review the “Making Compost From Yard Waste” guide from the Virginia Cooperative Extension for step-by-step composting instructions.